Nowadays, changes are becoming faster and more unpredictable. Enterprises have to react very quickly to challenges and opportunities of the business world. Dynamic development of manufacturing Industry 4.0 is a result of some processes, for example: internationalization, information technology development and also hyper competition. The concept of Industry 4.0 describes the increasing digitization of the entire value chain and the resulting interconnection of people, objects and systems through real time data exchange. In spite of enormous progress in industry managers constantly need to face new challenges.
The term Industry 4.0 is often referred to as the fourth industrial revolution. Education 4.0 is a response to the needs of IR 4.0 where human and technology are aligned to enable new possibilities. The present tertiary students aged between 18 to 23 years old and they belong to the Generation -Z (Gen Z) who are so revolutionized by technology. The learning preference of the Gen Z students are different students from the previous generation as they are more hands-on and directly involved in the learning process.
The Gen Z students, they welcome challenges and enjoy group discussions and highly interactive learning environment. For them, learning is without boundaries; they can learn anywhere and anytime and have unlimited access to new information. Leaning that involves active collaboration with their team members and learning at places other than their classroom interest them. On top of that, the use of digital tools and online forums are preferred as they prefer them to be integrated into their learning process. Since the Gen Z students are so much into the digital tools, they expect the tools are available whenever they need them with at low access barriers.